How cold is the bottom of the Mariana Trench?

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How cold is the bottom of the Mariana Trench?

How cold is the bottom of the Mariana Trench?

34 to 39°F
The temperature at the bottom is 1 to 4 °C (34 to 39 °F). In 2009, the Marianas Trench was established as a US National Monument. Monothalamea has been found in the trench by Scripps Institution of Oceanography researchers at a record depth of 10.6 kilometers (6.6 mi) below sea level.

Is it cold or hot in the Mariana Trench?

Due to the absence of sunlight, the temperature inside the Mariana Trench is extremely cold, hovering around 34 – 39 degrees Fahrenheit.

Is the Mariana Trench a hot spot?

An international collaboration of scientists recently led a month-long expedition to study the deepest point on Earth in the Marianas Trench, the Challenger Trough. The zone begins at about 6,000 meters and descends the Challenger Deep, almost 11,000 meters below the sea. …

Why is the Mariana Trench cold to the bottom?

The Mariana Trench is cold! Because the depth is so deep and light cannot reach the bottom, the water is significantly colder, especially down at the bottom. This temperature may be why there are so few animals seen in there, but those that are seen thrive in colder temperatures. 3 Life on the bottom is rare, but exists

Below the surface water, the temperature drops rapidly, forming a layer called the thermocline. The thermocline varies in thickness from about 1,000 feet to 3,000 feet.

Which is the deepest trench in the world?

Written by: Mariana Trench, also called the Marianas Trench, deep-sea trench at the bottom of the western North Pacific Ocean, the deepest such trench known on Earth, located mostly east as well as south of the Mariana Islands.

How is the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench formed?

Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is very cold and under high pressure; its floor has hydrothermal (hot water) vents formed by spreading tectonic plates, which release hydrogen sulfide and other minerals, which are consumed by the barophilic bacteria, which are then consumed by other microorganisms, which in turn…

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