Is longitude measured in north and south?
Longitude lines are a numerical way of showing/measuring how far a place is east or west of a universal vertical line called the Prime Meridian. This Prime Meridian line runs vertically, north and south, just above the British Royal Observatory in Greenwich England, from the North Pole to the South Pole.
What measured north and south of the equator?
Latitude is the measurement of distance north or south of the equator. It is measured by 180 imaginary lines that form circles around the Earth east-west, parallel to the Equator. These lines are known as parallels.
Latitude and longitude are measured in degrees (°) because they represent angular distances. Each degree is further divided into 60 minutes ( ' ) and each minute into 60 seconds ( " ). The equatorial value is 0° and the latitude of the poles is 90°N and 90°S (Fig. 3.1 on the next page).
Which line of longitude is the equator?
The combination of meridians of longitude and latitude establishes a frame or grid by means of which exact positions can be determined with reference to the prime meridian and equator: a point described as 40° N, 30° W, for example, is situated 40° of arc north of the equator and 30° of arc west of …
Where do the lines of latitude and longitude meet?
All meridians meet at the North and South Poles. Longitude is related to latitude, measuring distance north or south of the equator. Lines of latitude are called parallels. Maps are often marked with parallels and meridians, creating a grid. The point on the grid where parallels and meridians intersect is called a coordinate.
How do latitudes and longitudes relate to the equator?
Latitudes are the progressive angular measurements north or south of the equator are the imaginary lines running from east to west on the earth's surface. While longitudes are the measurements east or west of the Prime Meridian and run from the North Pole to the South Pole.
How is longitude measured at the North and South Poles?
Longitude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian. Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians. Each meridian measures one arc of longitude.
The greater the distance, the shorter the length between the meridians. All meridians meet at the North and South Poles. Longitude is related to latitude, measuring distance north or south of the equator. Lines of latitude are called parallels. Maps are often marked with parallels and meridians, creating a grid.
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