What was the weather like in the Indus Valley?
Apart from the mountainous part of Pakistan, the Indus valley lies in the driest part of the subcontinent. January temperatures average below freezing in the mountainous north, while daytime high temperatures in July average around 38 °C in Sindh and Punjab provinces.
What can we learn from the Indus Valley Civilization?
What can we learn from burial sites? Graves can tell archaeologists a lot. The people of the Indus Valley were buried with clay pots and clay figurines as well as pearls. Placing these objects in graves may indicate that they had a religious belief in an afterlife where they could use these possessions again.
What did the Indus Valley eat?
Apart from meat, the people of the Indus Valley Civilization grew and ate a variety of grains and legumes. There is archaeological evidence of the cultivation of pea (matar), chick pea (chana), pigeon pea (tur/arhar), horse gram (chana dal) and green gram (moong).
What animals live in the Indus River?
- Hector's Dolphin.
- Yangtze Guinea pig without fingers.
- Amazon River Dolphin.
- Ganges River Dolphin.
- Irrawaddy dolphin.
- Dolphins and porpoises.
When did civilization fall in the Indus River Valley?
Around 2500 BCE, the Indus River Valley civilization began to decline as people migrated east to the Himalayan foothills. Here they changed from a civilization consisting of large cities to one of mostly small agricultural villages (map below). By 1800 BCE, most Harappan cities were almost completely abandoned.
How did the monsoons help the Indus Valley Civilization?
The monsoons that came to the Indus River Valley helped the growth of agricultural surpluses, which supported the development of cities such as Harappa. The population came to rely on seasonal monsoons rather than irrigation, and as the monsoons shifted east, the water supply would have dried up. The ruins of the city of Lothal.
However, there are only five major urban areas: Harappa, Mohenjo-daro (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Dholavira, Ganeriwala and Rakhigarhi. The early Harappan cultures were preceded by local Neolithic agricultural villages from which the floodplains were populated.
How did the Aryans assimilate the Harappan culture?
A theory suggesting that the Harappan culture of the Indus River Valley was assimilated during a migration of the Aryan people to northwestern India. Seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation; usually winds that bring heavy rain once a year.
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