WHO declared the boundary line?
Pope Alexander VI
The demarcation line between Spanish and Portuguese territory was first defined by Pope Alexander VI (1493) and was later revised by the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494). Spain won control of lands discovered west of the line, while Portugal gained rights to new lands to the east.
Who created the Treaty of Tordesillas?
On June 7, 1494, the governments of Spain and Portugal accepted the Treaty of Tordesillas, named after the town in Spain where it was created. The Treaty of Tordesillas neatly divided the "New World" of the Americas between the two superpowers.
How were the boundary lines decided?
This line was known as the boundary line. Any territory discovered on the eastern side of the line was to be controlled by Portugal, while any land found on the western side of the line was to be controlled by Spain.
Why was the demarcation line established in 1493?
To prevent conflicts between Spain and Portugal or any other European country, the Pope, who was Spanish by birth, passed a papal bull Inter caetera on May 4, 1493. This decree set a line running 100 leagues (about 320 miles) west of Cape. The Verde Islands, pole to pole.
How did Pope Alexander VI divide the world?
Alexander initiated three formal decrees in response. The first, "by the authority of Almighty God," granted Spain exclusive and perpetual possession of the new territories. The second established a north-south demarcation line that ran about 350 miles (560 km) west of the Cape Verde Islands.
Why was the demarcation line created at Tordesillas?
The demarcation line created by the Treaty of Tordesillas. Therefore, the representatives of both countries met in the Spanish town of Tordesillas in the spring of 1494 to resolve their differences. The two sides mutually agreed to move the line set by Pope Alexander VI slightly further west of the existing line.
What was the border between Portugal and Spain?
The demarcation line created by the Treaty of Tordesillas. With the Treaty of Tordesillas, Portugal and Spain agreed on a demarcation line that assigned all land to the left of the line to Spain and those to the east under Portugal's sovereignty.
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