Who helped unify Northern Italy under Sardinian leadership?
Count Camillo di Cavour
New Page 1. Count Camillo di Cavour: (1810-1861) Appointed Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia in 1852, this wealthy, middle-aged aristocrat was responsible for unifying northern Italy.
How did the Italian association end?
With French help, the Piedmontese defeated the Austrians in 1859 and united most of Italy under their rule in 1861. The annexation of Venice in 1866 and Papal Rome in 1870 marked the final unification of Italy and thus the end of the Risorgimento.
How was Italy united?
The Franco-Austrian War of 1859 was the agent that started the physical process of Italian unification. The northern Italian states held elections in 1859 and 1860 and voted to join the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, a major step towards unification, while Piedmont-Sardinia ceded Savoy and Nice to France.
When did the unification of Italy take place?
In the first few decades of the 19th century, Italian nationalism grew in the peninsula, and calls for a united Italian state grew in aristocratic and intellectual circles. This period and movement is known as the Italian Risorgimento – literally 'the resurrection'.
Who was the leader of the Italian unification movement?
One such company was the Young Italy group, founded in 1831 by Guiseppe Mazzini. Mazzini was an ardent advocate of the necessity of Italian unification through the wishes and actions of the Italian people. Thus, the movement of Italian unification, a process referred to as the Risorgimento (resurgence), spread by mid-century.
Why did Cavour want the unification of Italy?
Cavour's original intentions were simply prestige and power for Sardinia, but his goal – to unite more Italian territory under the same flag – was the same as those who wanted an Italian state.
How did Garibaldi contribute to the unification of Italy?
Giuseppi Garibaldi, a native of Piedmont-Sardinia, was instrumental in bringing the southern Italian states into the unification process. In 1860, Garibaldi cobbled together an army (referred to as the "Thousand") to march into the southern part of the peninsula.
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