Why was the Great Zimbabwe Wall built?
The walls are believed to have been a symbolic display of authority, designed to preserve the privacy of the royal families and separate them from and above commoners. It is also important to note that the walls surrounded and later adjoined huts made of daga (mud and thatched roofs), connected to them to form a series of courtyards.
Was the Great Zimbabwe Wall built by slaves?
Historians agree that slaves did not build Great Zimbabwe. The walls may have been erected as a community effort or by people paying some kind of tax with their work.
How big is the Great Wall of Zimbabwe?
Its outer wall is about 820 feet (250 meters) in circumference, with a maximum height of 36 feet (11 meters). An inner wall runs along part of the outer wall, forming a narrow parallel passage, 180 feet (55 meters) long, which leads to the conical tower.
Why is Great Zimbabwe important?
Great Zimbabwe was a medieval African city known for its great circular wall and tower. It was part of a wealthy African trading empire that controlled much of the East African coast from the 11th to the 15th century AD.
What caused Great Zimbabwe to fall?
One is environmental: that a combination of overgrazing and drought caused the soil on the Zimbabwe Plateau to become exhausted. The second explanation is that the people of Great Zimbabwe had to move to maximize their exploitation of the gold trade network. By 1500 the site of Great Zimbabwe was abandoned.
How big was the Great Wall of China in Zimbabwe?
It was the capital of the Kingdom of Zimbabwe during the country's late Iron Age. Construction of the monument by the ancestors of the Shona people began in the 11th century and continued until the 15th century, spanning an area of 722 hectares (1,780 acres), which at its peak could have housed up to 18,000 people.
What are the ruins of Great Zimbabwe made of?
The name 'Zimbabwe' is an anglicized form of an African word meaning 'stone houses', for the ruins of Great Zimbabwe consist of numerous stone walls, monuments and buildings built mainly of granite. The structures were created using a method called dry stonewalling, which requires a high level of mason expertise.
Where is Great Zimbabwe National Monument?
Alternative titles: Great Zimbabwe National Monument, Zimbabwe. Great Zimbabwe, extensive stone ruins of an African Iron Age city. It is located in south-eastern Zimbabwe, about 30 km south-east of Masvingo (formerly Fort Victoria).
What are the facts about Great Zimbabwe?
Great Zimbabwe: The Facts. The Great Zimbabwe Ruins are located on an area of 1780 acres (722 hectares to be exact). 5. It is believed that a maximum of 20,000 people lived within its walls at its height. 6. For many decades the ruins at Great Zimbabwe were described by Europeans as a baffling 'mystery' and an ancient 'enigma'.
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/who-built-great-zimbabwe-and-why-breeanna-elliottStretched across a tree-peppered expanse in Southern Africa lies…